Schoolly d dedication to all b boys - The Best Rapper Alive, Every Year Since 1979 | Complex

The Bronx hip hop scene emerged in the mid-1970s from neighborhood block parties thrown by the Ghetto Brothers , a Puerto Rican group that has been described as being a gang , a club, and a music group. Members of the scene plugged in the amplifiers for their instruments and PA speakers into the lampposts on 163rd Street and Prospect Avenue and used their live music events to break down racial barriers between African-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Whites and other ethnic groups. Jamaican immigrant DJ Kool Herc also played a key role in developing hip hop music. At 1520 Sedgwick Avenue , Herc mixed samples of existing records and deejayed percussion "breaks", mixing this music with his own Jamaican-style "toasting" (a style of chanting and boastful talking over a microphone) to rev up the crowd and dancers. Kool Herc is credited as the "father" of hip hop for developing the key DJ techniques that, along with rapping, founded the hip hop music style by creating rhythmic beats by looping "breaks" (small portions of songs emphasizing a percussive pattern) on two turntables. This was later accompanied by "rapping" or "MCing" and beatboxing . [ citation needed ] An original form of dancing called breakdancing , which later became accompanied by popping , locking and other dance styles, which was done to the accompaniment of hip hop songs played on boom boxes and particular fashion styles also developed.

The Philadelphia area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. [12] [13] According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis , the Philadelphia area had a gross domestic product of US$431 billion in 2016, the eighth-largest metropolitan economy in the United States. [14] Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a market of almost 81,900 commercial properties in 2016, [15] including several nationally prominent skyscrapers . [16] Philadelphia has more outdoor sculptures and murals than any other American city. [17] [18] Fairmount Park , when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed , is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States. [19] The city is known for its arts, culture, and colonial history which attracted 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent $ billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania. [20] Philadelphia has also emerged as a biotechnology hub. [21]

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